The United Kingdom of Great Britain.


The theme of the lesson: The United Kingdom of Great Britain.

The aims of the lesson:

  • to develop speaking and reading skills, lexical habits, to enrich student’s vocabulary;
  • to develop critical thinking, logical speech;
  • to bring up interest in learning English, to broaden student’s minds.

The type of the lesson: Combined lesson

Technologies: interactive teaching English

Methods: explaining, question-answer, brainstorming, comparing, giving information, acting out and vocabulary

Visual aids: pictures, cards, interactive board and etc.

Procedure of the lesson

  1. Organization moment
  2. II. Check up the homework

III.  Watch the video about Great Britain. (5 minute)

  1. Work with new words:

Remain сол қалпында қалу

Considerate біраз

Expansion кеңею, созылу

Extend кеңейту, созылу

Eventually ақыр сонында

Emerge көріну

  1. Reading the text


The UK is the shortened word of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain includes England, Scotland, and Wales and Northern Ireland. Although Britain is a unitary state, the countries of in have separate national identities, variations in culture and tradition.

England is predominantly a lowland country, with the Pennine Chain, the Cumbrian mountains and the Yorkshire moorlands in the north. Wales is a country of hills and mountains. Britain’s highest mountain, Ben Nevis (1,343 Hi I 106 ft.) is in the central highlands of Scotland. Northern Ireland is at its nearest point only 21 km (13 miles) from Scotland.

Britain has frequent weather changes through the seasonal cycle of winter, spring, summer and autumn. Rainfall is fairly well distributed throughout the year.

People in the four lands of Britain come from ancient sources:

  • The ancient Celtic people who inhabited western and central Europe;
  • The Angles, Saxons and Jutes – Germanic people who came to Britain from the third century
  1. Answer the question

Talk to your partner.

Where is the United Kingdom of Great Britain?

Where did the people of the U.K. come from?

What’s Union Jack?

  • Read the text

Group 1 Union of England and Wales

Group 2 Union of Scotland and England

Group 3 The growth of the Empire


The subjugation of Wales by the English was completed in the late 13th century by Edward I, who gave his infant son, later Edward II, the title of Prince of Wales – still carried today by the monarch’s eldest son.



Scotland remained a separate kingdom throughout the Middle Ages, often at war with England. Realizing the benefits of closer political and economic union, England and Scotland agreed in 1707 on a single Parliament for Great Britain. Scotland kept its own system of law and church settlement.


The 17th and 18th centuries saw considerable overseas expansion by Brit­ain. Britain continued to extend its rule through the 19th century over a large part of the world – a process from which the modern Commonwealth even­tually emerged. Until 1922 the country was called as Great Britain and Ire­land. Now it’s Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It’s a unitary state.


  • Conclusion

Exercise:  The text is divided into 3 paragraphs, each with a different topic. Write the correct paragraph number (1-3) next to three paragraph topics below

The population————————–

General geography and location————————-

The climate————————————————–

The history—————————————————

Home work