Customs and traditions.

Customs and traditions.

The aims of the lesson:

  • Еducational: to consolidate and generalize knowledge of students on the unit “Different customs”; to introduce the new facts about culture of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; to enrich students’ knowledge in all spheres of country study; to widen their vocabulary through doing different tasks.
  • Developing: to develop students’ skills in oral speech; to develop students’ writing, reading and speaking abilities through giving several tasks; to improve their critical thinking.
  • Bringing-up: to bring up patriots of their Motherland, holidays, customs and traditions of their country; to respect people of different nationalities; to develop their pride of their native country, respect and love of the foreign language; to respect customs and traditions of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The type: combined lesson.

Methods: game technology, introduction, acting out the scene, group work.

Visual aids: a computer, a projector, screen, CDs with presentation of the lesson,  a textbook,  flags, cards, pictures of sightseeing of London, booklets.

Inter subject connection: Kazakh, Russian, Geography.


Procedure of the lesson:

  1. Organization moment:
  2. Checking up attendance. Let’s see what mood you are now. Show me, please, your reflexive card. Today we shall speak about Kazakh and English holidays. You prepared your projects about these holidays. First of all we shall discuss this topic. Then we’ll make a table, do the test and tell about the holidays, customs and traditions of Kazakhstan and Great Britain.
  3. Introduction of the lesson:

T: What’s “holiday” – “holly” and “day”. Holiday is an unusual rest day. It’s a day when people don’t go to work or to school, shops and banks are closed because of a national celebration. As you know every country and every nation has their own holidays, customs and traditions.

British people are very proud of their traditions, cherish them and carefully keep them up because many of them are associated with the history and cultural development of the country.

  • Brainstorming: 

      T: —  What does the word “holiday” mean?

  • What’s your favourite holiday?
  • When do you celebrate it?
  • What holidays are there celebrated in Great Britain?
  • What are there in Kazakhstan?

Working in groups. Name the same holidays in Kazakhstan and in Great Britain:

Now I’ll divide you into two groups and the task of 1st group is to write the same holidays of Great Britain  and the task of 2nd group is to write the names of same holidays of Kazakhstan

Complete the table № 1

Holidays in KazakhstanHolidays in Great Britain
New Year’s Day January 1New Year’s DayJanuary 1
Russian Christmas DayJanuary 7Good F riday
Saint Valentine’s DayFebruary 14Saint Valentine’s DayFebruary 14
Women’s DayMarch 8The Boat RaceMarch
Nauriz DayMarch 22Pancake DayMarch
Day of Laugh April 1April Fool’s DayApril1
the Labour DayMay 1May DayMay 1
Defender’s DayMay 7HalloweenOctober 31
Victory DayMay 9Thanksgiving dayNovember
The Day defending the childrenJune 1Guy Fawke’s Night November  5
The Astana DayJuly 6Christmas DayDecember 25


  1. Checking up the home work.

Let’s revise unit “Different customs” and let’s check your home task about different customs and traditions of  different countries.  Students introduce the British holidays.

  • P1: Dear friends! Welcome to our country! Let’s introduce you with our British holidays and traditions. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is divided into 4 countries such us: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  • P2: The capital of England is London and its political, economic and cultural centre. It’s the largest city in the world and it’s situated on the River Thames. London consists of 4 parts: The City, The Westminster,The West End and The East End.
  • P3: The population of Great Britain is 59 mln people. The Head of Great Britain is Queen Elizabeth II. She and her family live in Buckingham Palace.
  • P4: The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. The Scottish people dressed to kilt.
  • P5: The capital of Wales is Cardiff and the capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
  • P6: As you know every country and every nation has their own holidays, customs and traditions. What’s “holiday” – “holly” and “day”. Holiday is an unusual rest day. It’s a day when people don’t go to work or to school, shops and banks are closed because of a national celebration.
  • P7: Christmas Day — is a family holiday. The 25th of December is Christmas Day.

It is the time when all the family gets together. Little children believe that when they are asleep Santa Claus comes with a big bag of toys. For Christmas dinner people eat traditional food: turkey, potatoes and green vegetables. Then they have the Christmas pudding. At 5 o’clock it’s time for tea and Christmas cake.

  • P8: April Fool’s day — April 1.  A day of practical jokes. You have to play the joke before 12 o’clock midday, otherwise the joke is on you.
  • P9: St.Valentine’s Day People buy or make Valentine cards and send them to people they love. They don’t sign them – you must guess who sent the card to you.


  • P10: Women’s Day — as you know we celebrate on the 8th of March. On that day we give presents for our Mothers, sisters, grandmas, and other women.
  • P11: Easter —  is time to give and to get presents. rabbit comes and leaves eggs for children. It is a symbol of Easter festival and it is called Easter Bunny. On Easter Sunday children get chocolate Easter eggs or rabbits. You can buy them at any sweet shop in the weeks before Easter.
  • P12: Thanksgiving Day — The last Thursday in November there is a Thanksgiving Day. People go church, and families come together for the day. They decorate their houses with autumn fruits and flowers. The traditional food: roast turkey, potatoes and pumpkin.
  • P13: New Year’s Day — On the 1st of January people celebrate  New Year’s Day. On this day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.
  • P14: May DayMay 1. A pagan festival to celebrate the end of winter and welcome summer. Children dance around the maypole and sing songs.
  • P15: Pancake Day    In March. The last day before Lent. Pancake race-running while holding a pancake in a frying pan. Competitors have to throw it in the air and catch it again in the pan and others.
  • P16: Welcome to our Hallowe’en party! On the 31st of October we celebrate Hallowe’en holiday. We decorate the windows of our houses and schools with pictures of witches, black cats and bats. We make lanterns out of pumpkins. Children dress up as ghosts and witches, skeletons and have noisy parties. Sometimes they go to the people’s houses and ring at the door, shouting “Trick or treat”. The person who opens the door must give the children a treat some sweets or cookies. Hallowe’en parties are great fun! It’s maybe interesting for you to know that we have the festival like Hallowe’en!

Students acting out the celebrating of holiday Hallowe’en.


  1.  Celebrating of  New Year holiday  in different countries  (slides)
  2. Presentation the traditional food of different countries (slides)

Cuisine of Taiwan

Stinky Tofu       Beef Noodle        Clam Thin Noodle & Clam Pancake  Dan Zai Noodle


Cuisine of Estonia

The jelly is made by boiling the pork bones, sometimes hooves and heads. It’s often made in large batches, so many Estonian families have stories of jars and jars of solidifying sült all over the house.

Boiled pork in jelly (Sült)                    Black pudding (Verivorst)

Blood and barley sausage, similar to what the English diplomatically call ‘black pudding’ due to its colour. In Estonia, this is traditional Christmas food, and is served with a red, berry jam.  Unleavened barley bread (Karask), Kama —There’s really no equivalent in most other traditions. Basically it’s a thick desert drink made with sour milk (keefir), and a mixture of ground grains — rye, oat barley, and pea flour.  Root Beer (Kali)


         Cuisine of Russia. Russian traditional food: Russian soups

           Okroshka, Shchi,  Solyanka, Kholodets,  Pelmeni,  Kotlety,etc


  • 1) Olivje (from French surname Olivier) salad: a mayonnaise-based potato salad distinguished by its diced texture and the contrasting flavors of pickles, capers, olives, hard-boiled eggs, and peas. See Russian salad for history and discussion.
  • 2) Vinegret (from French vinaigrette): boiled red beet root salad with onions, pickled cucumbers, boiled potatoes, carrots, and the vinaigrette dressing of sunflower oil and vinegar

3) Sel’d’ pod shuboy: chopped salted herring under a «coat» of shredded cooked beet, sometimes with a layer of egg or other vegetables


  • 1) Mors: is made of berry juice, mixed in different proportions with water.
  • 2) Kvas: is a bread drink.


Traditional food of China: Special Food


                      Chinese dumpling                           New year’s rice cake


A traditional Kazakh food —  Besbarmak

 In the national cuisine, livestock meat can be cooked in a variety of ways and is usually served with a wide assortment of traditional bread products. Refreshments often include black tea and traditional milk-derived drinks such as ayran, shubat and kymyz. A traditional Kazakh dinner involves a multitude of appetisers on the table, followed by a soup and one or two main courses such as pilaf and besbarmak.



                                                      Cuisine of Iraq.



               Makdoos                                                                      Iraqi bread


    Main Dishes           Dolma               Masqouf          Tikka and Kebab       Kubba      



      Bariyani                     Bamiya                   Kufta                         Pacha



         Sweets     Baklawa                     Zalabiya               Iraqi Dates



             Turkish Style Coffee         Arabic Coffee


  • Sightseeings of  London. (slides)


The Houses of Parlament,  Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square,  Hyde Park,                        Buckingham Palace, British Museum,  Big Ben, The Tower and others.


  • Consolidation of the lesson: Making dialogue about holidays.

25th of December                                    Religious holiday




Christmas Day


Traditional food                                   stocking to receive gifts


The last Thursday in November             People go to church



Thanksgiving Day




Traditional food                                    Decorate their houses with pumpkins


On the 31st of October                           Mask and colorful costumes






“Trick or treat”                                     Traditional Halloween colors


Answer the questions about holidays, traditions and customs of different countries.



  1. Sinkwane. Make sentences from these words:

celebrate,     holiday,     present,       traditional,       food,     pumpkins.


  1. Conclusion .

It’s time to finish our lesson. You’ve learnt a lot about holidays, traditions and customs of different countries and sightseeings of London. And what else you’d like to know for the next lesson?


KnowWant to knowLearnt
What do you know about the lesson we  have today?What do you want to know for the next lesson?About traditions, holidays and customs of different countries.


Giving home task: Your home work will be to write an essay about  Kazakh traditions and customs.

Evaluation: Marks for the lesson. Thank you for your wonderful work.


Ending of the lesson: The lesson is over. You may be free. See you later. Good-bye!