The theme: Gerund and Infinitive
The main aim: to introduce and to consolidate their usage
The tasks: to develop pupils’ oral fluency and accuracy
to arouse pupils’ interest to peculiarities of their usage
to widen pupils’ general outlook
Type of the lesson: A demonstration lesson
The equipment: Workbook, Cards
Methods of teaching: Work in chain, oral drill, work with the blackboard, work with cards
Procedure of the lesson
- Organization moment:
- Talk with the duty
- Setting the aim
- Checking up homework:
Work in chain
Ex 3 p 49 Make collocations by matching a word in the first column to an appropriate word in the second column.
- High speed
- Fire alarm
- Front door
- Computer game
- Rocket launch
- Training programme
- Medical research
- Total score
- Grammar study
- Revision of the previous lesson:
Ing forms and Infinitive
- Name the verbs that are followed by ING forms
- Name the verbs that are followed by Infinitive
Work with the Blackboard
Ex 1 p 49 Choose the infinitive or Ing to complete these sentences
- I would love ________(go) into space and avoid ________(do) my exams!
- Many people enjoy ________(read) about space exploration but seem ________ (think) that too much money is spent on it.
- John decided ________(train) as an astronaut and throughout his life he never gave up _______(draem) about walking on the moon.
- I hope______(visit) my aunt in paris next year even though I can’t really afford ______(pay) for the airfare.
- Can you imagine ______(stay) in a hotel in space? If so, start _______(save) your money as it’ll probablybe very expensive.
- The scientist refused _______ (give) an interview but agreed ________ (answer) a few questions.
Gerund and Infinitive
Work with the Blackboard
What’s the difference?
TO HELP THE POOR PEOPLE OF THE WORLD IS A NOBLE GOAL.
Task: Which words form infinitive? To help
Give some more examples: to sleep, to wash, to love
Teacher: Infinitives can be both subjects and objects:
|SUBJECT||To study hard will increase your chances of getting into college.|
|OBJECT||Kathy wants to study with her friends.|
Teacher: When should we use infinitives?
When should we use gerunds?
What’s the difference between infinitives and gerunds?
Let me give you some hints when to use them:
Hint 1: Infinitives are used to answer WHY- questions. Look at the following conversation:
Louise: I stopped.
Louise: I stopped to smoke.
Gerunds are usually not used to answer why-questions. Gerunds are nouns. Gerunds directly receive actions just like other nouns.
I stopped the car.
I stopped the thief.
I stopped smoking.
Hint 2: Infinitives are often used for general or habitual actions. Here are some examples:
To live a happy life is everyone’s deepest desire.
To err is human, to forgive is divine.
When the action happened in the past, a gerund is usually used.
|Past action||Monika has studied German.|
|Gerund referring to past action||Studying German was easy for her.|
Task: Explain the difference in meaning.
- Bob forgot to watch that TV show. Bob forgot watching that TV show.
- Christine quit to teach. Christine quit
- Joseph remembered to wash the dishes. Joseph remembered washing the dishes.
- Lori stopped to exercise. Lori stopped exercising.
Work with cards.
Example: Read the sentence and choose the answer.
Making pizza/to make pizza.
- I enjoy ________.
- Yesterday Frank meant _________ but he didn’t have time.
- My father put off ________ until later.
- The kids hope ________ for dinner.
- Do you really intend ________ for breakfast?
- Please hurry up and finish _______! I am hungry.
- Sylvia expects _______ tomorrow.
- Max postponed _______ for the party.
- Please quit _______ and talk to me!
- Are you planning _______?
Generalization of the lesson
Comments on marks
Giving homework: Make up sentences to Gerunds and Infinitives.