Gerund and Infinitive

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The theme: Gerund and Infinitive

The main aim: to introduce and to consolidate their usage

The tasks: to develop pupils’ oral fluency and accuracy

to arouse pupils’ interest to peculiarities of their usage

to widen pupils’ general outlook

Type of the lesson: A demonstration lesson

The equipment: Workbook, Cards

Methods of teaching: Work in chain, oral drill, work with the blackboard, work with cards

Procedure of the lesson

  1. Organization moment:
  2. Greeting
  3. Talk with the duty
  4. Setting the aim
  5. Checking up homework:

Work in chain

Ex 3 p 49 Make collocations by matching a word in the first column to an appropriate word in the second column.

  1. High speed
  2. Fire alarm
  3. Front door
  4. Computer game
  5. Rocket launch
  6. Training programme
  7. Medical research
  8. Total score
  9. Grammar study
  10. Revision of the previous lesson:

Oral Drill

Ing forms and Infinitive

Tasks:

  1. Name the verbs that are followed by ING forms
  2. Name the verbs that are followed by Infinitive

Work with the Blackboard

Ex 1 p 49 Choose the infinitive or Ing to complete these sentences

  1. I would love ________(go) into space and avoid ________(do) my exams!
  2. Many people enjoy ________(read) about space exploration but seem ________ (think) that too much money is spent on it.
  3. John decided ________(train) as an astronaut and throughout his life he never gave up _______(draem) about walking on the moon.
  4. I hope______(visit) my aunt in paris next year even though I can’t really afford ______(pay) for the airfare.
  5. Can you imagine ______(stay) in a hotel in space? If so, start _______(save) your money as it’ll probablybe very expensive.
  6. The scientist refused _______ (give) an interview but agreed ________ (answer) a few questions.

Gerund and Infinitive

Explanation

Work with the Blackboard

 

 

 

What’s the difference?

TO HELP THE POOR PEOPLE OF THE WORLD IS A NOBLE GOAL.

Task: Which words form infinitive? To help

Give some more examples: to sleep, to wash, to love

Teacher: Infinitives can be both subjects and objects:

SUBJECT To study hard will increase your chances of getting into college.
OBJECT Kathy wants to study with her friends.

Teacher:  When should we use infinitives?

When should we use gerunds?

                  What’s the difference between infinitives and gerunds?

Let me give you some hints when to use them:

Hint 1: Infinitives are used to answer WHY- questions. Look at the following conversation:

Louise: I stopped.

Harry: Why?

Louise: I stopped to smoke.

Gerunds are usually not used to answer why-questions. Gerunds are nouns. Gerunds directly receive actions just like other nouns.

I stopped the car.

I stopped the thief.

I stopped smoking.

Hint 2: Infinitives are often used for general or habitual actions. Here are some examples:

To live a happy life is everyone’s deepest desire.

To err is human, to forgive is divine.

When the action happened in the past, a gerund is usually used.

Past action Monika has studied German.
Gerund referring to past action Studying German was easy for her.

Consolidation

Oral Drill

Task: Explain the difference in meaning.

  1. Bob forgot to watch that TV show. Bob forgot watching that TV show.
  2. Christine quit to teach. Christine quit
  3. Joseph remembered to wash the dishes. Joseph remembered washing the dishes.
  4. Lori stopped to exercise. Lori stopped exercising.

Work with cards.

Example: Read the sentence and choose the answer.

Making pizza/to make pizza.

  1. I enjoy ________.
  2. Yesterday Frank meant _________ but he didn’t have time.
  3. My father put off ________ until later.
  4. The kids hope ________ for dinner.
  5. Do you really intend ________ for breakfast?
  6. Please hurry up and finish _______! I am hungry.
  7. Sylvia expects _______ tomorrow.
  8. Max postponed _______ for the party.
  9. Please quit _______ and talk to me!
  10. Are you planning _______?

Generalization of the lesson

Comments on marks

Giving homework: Make up sentences to Gerunds and Infinitives.

Its explanation