Welcome to United Kingdom

Welcome to United Kingdom

(grade 10)


aғылшын тілі пәні мұғалімі

Астана қалас, №54 мектеп-лицейі


The aim of the lesson:

  • to speak about sightseeing, government and culture Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • to bring up pupils to respect the culture of other countries and to love their motherland.
  • to develop students’ abilities in speaking, reading and listening skills.

The form of the lesson: traditional lesson.

The type of the lesson: self-government lesson.

Methods of the teaching: explanation, formulation questions for other, work with pictures, demonstration and exercises.

Inter subject connections: history, geography

Visual aids: (mechanical) active board, slides, pictures, balloons and cards.

The procedure of the lesson

  1. Organization moment
  2. a) Greeting

-Good day boys and girls? Nice to meet you.How are you?

-Good day teacher.We are very well.

-Sit down!

b)Talking with duty

-Who is on duty today?

-Who is absent today?

-Thank you! Sit down please!

-What date is it today?

-What day is it today?

  1. Warm-up

-I will you theme of the lesson you must tell one words blowing balloons one by one.

III. Checking home task

-OK, children what was your home task?Open your exercise copybook. I will check-up your home task.


  1. Introduction of new material

Student 1:

The Union Jack

This is the popular name given to the flag of GB. It is called the Union Flag and it’s a mixture of several flags:

  • The red cross of St.George , for England, on a while ground
  • The white diagonal cross of St.Andrew, for Scotland, on a blue ground
  • The red diagonal cross of St.Patrick, for Ireland, on a white ground

King James the III ordered that the Union Flag should be flown on the main mast off all British ships, except on ship of war. Here the flag was flown at the front of the ships, on what was called the Jack star and so we get the name of Union Jack. A “jack”, by the way, is an old word for the sailor. Union Jack is also on the flag of Australia and New Zealand.

Student 2:

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

It situated in the north-west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north, north-west and north-west and North Sea on the East. The UK includes England, Scotland, Wales and North Ireland. Although Britain is a unitary state, but they have separate national identities, cultures and traditions/

The area of UK is 243610 sq.km

Its population is 63 million.

Ben Nevis (1343m) is highest mountain in Scotland; Snowdon (1085m) is highest mountain in Wales.

GB isn’t rich in natural resources. Coal, natural gas and oil are most of them. British grew wheat, oats and potatoes. Sheep can be seen in many parts of England and Scotland.

Student 3:

Population: 8 million

Area: 625 sq.miles

Symbol: red rose
















Student 4:                                               Student 5:


Capital: Edinburg

Population: 5 million

Symbol: the thistle

Languages are English and Scottish

Important river is Clyde

The biggest city is Glasgow

The biggest mountain is Ben Nevis


Capital: Cardiff

Has mountainous area

Population: 2.9 million

Symbol: daffodil

Languages are English and Welsh


Student 5:

Northern Ireland

Capital: Belfast

Population: 1,7 million

Symbol: Shamrock, a three-leaved plant

Languages are  English and Irish

Has mountainous area

Student 6:

Student 7:

The House of Parliament

Student 8:

Big Ben

It is in the Clock Tower of the House of Parliament. The Clock Tower is 348 feet high. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London. The Clock and bell go their names after sir Benjamin Hall. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. So people know the clock as Big Ben.

Student 9:

Buckingham palace

It has serve as the official London residence of Britain’s sovereigns since 1837. Today it is the Queen’s official residence. The state Rooms of the Palace are open to visitors in August and September.

Student 10:


About 4600 years ago – or maybe more – the Stone Age inhabitants of Britain started building an enormous stone structure. This structure is now called Stonehenge and it is in South of England.

The largest stones weight 50 tons and the smallest weight 5 tons. The people who started Stonehenge were primate. They used no metal.

Student 11:


The oldest university situated in the town of Oxford in England. As a centre of learning it was established in the 12th century. It is an aristocratic university. Oxford’s motto is “The Lord is my Light”.

The university is made up from a variety of institutions, including 38 constituent colleges and a full range of academic departments which are organized in to four Divisions.


  1. Conclusion


  1. How many parts have UK?
  2. The official name of England…
  3. Who role the UK?
  4. What is the Union Jack?
  5. Who is the husband of Elizabeth?
  6. What is the symbol of Wales?
  7. House of Parliament consists of…
  8. What is the oldest university on England?
  9. What is the name of London’s residence?
  10. The largest castle of the world…


Find unnecessary letter

Goveirnment, Kingedom,  princee, monarckhy, qween, nourthern, daffodill


Check yourself

  1. The capital of the UK is…
  2. Ben Nevis
  3. The city
  4. London
  5. The UK is…
  6. The United State of Great Britain
  7. The United King
  8. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  9. The symbol of England is…
  10. A thistle
  11. A red rose
  12. A daffodil
  13. The name of Queen of UK is…
  14. Maria
  15. Elizabeth
  16. Alice
  17. The oldest university …
  18. Cambridge
  19. Oxford
  20. Harvard
  21. The main river in the UK is…
  22. The Avon
  23. The Thames
  24. The Severn
  25. The national clothes of Scotland is
  26. A dress
  27. A skirt
  28. A kilt


  1. Homework

-You must find information about holidays of Great Britain

VII. Giving marks