The Theme: Welcome to Kazakhstan
The aims: 1) To enrich pupils knowledge about our country.
2) To develop pupils’ skills in oral speech.
3) To bring up the patriots of Kazakhstan.
Visual aids: computer, the power point presentation, the board.
The kind of the lesson: mixed lesson
Procedure of the lesson:
- Organization moment.
- Phonetic drill.
- Welcome to Kazakhstan
- Geography of Kazakhstan
- Rivers and lakes
- Sport in Kazakhstan
- Cities: Astana, Aktau
- Traditional costumes.
- National holidays: Nauryz.
- Traditional foods and drinks.
- Good afternoon children! I’m glad to see you.
- Thank you, we are too.
Today we have an unusual lesson. We have an excursion lesson. And we have today guests from Great Britain. We say them “Welcome to our country”.They will know more about our country.
- Welcome to Kazakhstan.
- Now, let’s begin our exercion lesson. At first we’ll speak about geography of the country.
P1.A map of Kazakhstan. The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the Central
Asia. The area of Kazakhstan is 2 753 000 square kilometers .It was established as the Republic of Kazakhstan in December 1991. Kazakhstan is the largest state in the Central Asia. It borders with Russian Federation to the north and north-west; to the east with China and to south withthe central Asian Republics of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan.
P.2. Kazakhstan is rich with mineral recourses such as copper, gold, iron, lead, nickel, silber, uranium, zink, oil and natural gas.The country has well-developed heavy industry in many cities and towns. Agriculture takes a very important sector in the national economy. The people of the country grow wheat, millet, corn and cotton.
There are a few rivers and lakes in Kazakhstan. The four rivers are the main resources of water in the country. They are: Ertis, Syr-Darya, Ile and Ural. The largest lakes are Balhash, Zaisan, Ala-Kol and Tengiz.
P.3. Kazakh is the official language of the country, but it is not the only language which people speak in the country. Russian and other languages are spoken here too.
As a sovereign state Kazakhstan has its own national flag, anthem and national traditions and holidays.
P.4. The population of Kazakhstan is about 16 million. The country’s principal ethnic groups include Kazakh-44%, Russan-36%, Ukrainian(5%), German(4%), Uzbek and Tatar(2%), Azarbaijani(1%) and others. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and in large villages.
P.5. The climate of the country is strongly continental. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. Rain usually falls in spring and autumn. Snow falls in all areas but not at the same time. In south snow falls in October or November, in the north it falls in September or October. In spring green grass and flowers or different colours cover flat lands and hills.
P6. Sport in Kazakhstan. Many sports are popular in Kazakhstan. They are: Football, tennis,hockey, weight lifting, basketball, volleyball, boxing, judo and karate, figure skating, horse-racing.
The people in the Republic of Kazakhstan are not only sports fans. They take an active part in all sports and sports activities, professional and amateur. Kazakhstan sportsmen have won a great number of world and olympic records in gymnastics, judo, wrestling athletics and boxing.
P 8. Cities. Administratievly Kazakhstan is comprised of 14 regions, 84 cities and towns, 159 districts and 2,042 villages. The largest cities are Almaty, Karaganda, Shimkent, Pavlodar and Astana.
P 9. Astana. Astana (the former Akmola) was founded in 1830 as a fortification of Russian Empire. In 1862 stanitsa Ak-mola got the status of a town. Many changes have taken place since then. In 1961 Akmola was renamed into Tselinograd and became the centre of Tselinny Krai. In 1992 the city got its name Akmola again and since October 1997 Akmola has became a new capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Later on it got its present name Astana. Astana is a modern growing city, a political, financial, economic centre of the state.
There are many places of interest in Astana: the Central Square and the Trelinnics Avenue, the Palace of the Youth and the Bridge across the Ishim River, the Museum of Fine Arts and others.
P10. Aktau. Aktau is located in Melovoy Peninsula. In 1959 a truck caravan came to Mangyshlak area with first builders of new, future city.
On December 10, 1963 a called Aktau was reorganized and given a status of a city. Next year, in 1964, in commemoration of 150th anniversary of T.G. Shevchenko the city was renamed to Shevchenko. In 1991 the city was given back its original name and since then it’s Aktau. Our Aktau is a major economic and cultural centre of Kazakhstan. Our city keeps growing and getting prettier. There are many new cultural, entertaining centers, sport facilities, cinemas, theatres.
Architecture of the city is very unique and inimitable: modern buildings and architectural complexes gives the city a very special colour and flavour. 2013 is a very prominent year for everybody living here: Aktau celebrated its 50th anniversary.
P11. Kazakh holidays: 1) March 22- Nauryz.
2)March 8 – Woman’s Day
3 1st of May- May Day
4) 9th of May- Victory Day
5) July 6- Astana’s Day
6) August 30- Constitution Day
7) 1st of December -President’s Day
7) December 16-17 Independence Day
8) 1st of January-New year holiday
P12. Nauryz. The most important Kazakh holiday of the year is Nauryz. “Nauryz”is a Persian word which means “the new day.” Nauryz, which begins March 22, was always the main holiday for peoples of East. Nauryz is the holiday of spring, for Kazakhs the beginning of the year “Ulystyn uly kuni”.
On March 22nd people from smaller villages to bigger cities. Families get together to help one another on constracting a “kiyiz ui’which is the traditional Kazakh home. That kiyiz ui is made of long curved pieces of wood that are tied together and make the skeleton for this round house. If you enter a kyiz ui on Nauryz you will see that it is decorated with beautiful Kazakh ornaments, rugs and blankets.
One of the major features of Nauryz is the traditional costumes that men and women wear.
P13. Traditional foods and drinks.
The traditional Kazakh food include mutton and horse-beef as well as sour-milk products which are closely associated with nomadicof life. The main dishes of Kazakh cuisine are as follows: beshbarmak, kuyrdak and horse-beef delicatessen: chuzhuk, kazy, zhal-zhaya.
The most popular drinks are shubat, kymyz, airan.
IV.Do know Kasakhstan? Test