The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

37

Theme:  “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”

Aims:

  1. to develop pupils Reading and speaking skills
country
  1. to do exercises
  2. to educated pupils interest in learning English.

Aids:  books, cards, picture

  1. Organization Moment.

Good afternoon Children!

Good afternoon Teacher!

What is the weather like Today!

It’s warm

What season is it now?

 

  1. Checking up the home work.

Royal family.

  • New lesson.
  1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (карта)
  2. Ұлыбританияның эмблемалары:
  • Scotland
  • Wales
  • Great Britain
  • Northern Ireland
  1. Royal family.

4. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respectively. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech ‘Great Britain’ is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London.

The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called the Lowlands.

The north and west of England are mountainous, but all the rest — east, centre and south-east — is a vast plain. Mountains are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain (1343m). There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round.

The UK is one of the world’s smaller countries. Its population is over 58 million. About 80% of the population is urban. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the House of Commons. There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties. The Labour party is the ruling party nowadays and the Prime Minister is Tony Blaire.

Task 1. Put a tick in true sentences

The total area of the UK is over 244,000 square kilometers.
In everyday speech ‘Great Britain’ is used to mean England.
The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and the Irish Sea.
The surface of the British Isles varies a lot.
The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Lowlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called the Highlands.
Mountains are very high.
The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles.
The UK is one of the world’s bigger countries.
One of the main industries of the country is shipbuilding.
The Head of State reigns, but does not rule.

Task 2. Choose the correct answer

  1. Their total area is over … square kilometers.
    two thousand and forty four hundred
    two hundred and forty-four thousand

    2. The capital of Wales is … .
    Cardiff
    Belfast

    3. Great Britain … Northern Ireland.
    includes
    does not include

    4. Its population is over … million.
    Fifty — eight
    Fifteen — eight

    5. The UK is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of … .
    electronics, machinery, aircraft and navigation equipment
    electronics, machinery, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment

    6. The country is ruled by the elected government with … at the House of Commons.
    the Prime Minister
    the Queen

    7. … party is the ruling party nowadays.
    The Labour
    The Conservative

 

Task 3. Finish the following

  1. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and .
    2. The United Kingdom is made up of : England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
    3. Great Britain consists of and does not include Northern Ireland.
    4. The British Isles are separated from the European continent by .
    5. Ben Nevis in Scotland is .
    6. The Severn is .
    7. The Thames is .
    8. The UK is .
    9. The country is ruled by the elected government with .
    10. There are three main : the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.

 

  1. Combine words into sentences and translate them into Kazakh:
  2. the one, world, Museum, the, of, largest, British, the, in, is, museums.
  3. offers, to, London, many, Tourists, attractions.
  4. London, in, working, live, of, the, people, East End.
  5. Complete the chart The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

 

 

               

 

 

 

 

  1. London (text)

London

   London is one of the biggest and most interesting cities in the world. More than 8 million people live in London and its suburbs. London is more than twenty centuries old.  London lies on both sides of the river Thames which is navigable all the year round. There are many beautiful bridges over the Thames.

     The important parts of London are the City, the West End and East End. The heart of London is the City-its  commercial and business centre. It is a very small part of London: the City is only one square mile in area. High office buildings, banks, firms stand on both sides of the streets. Over 1 000 000 people come to the City every day. And at the end of the day the businessmen, clerks go home and the City becomes silent and empty.

     There are some ancient and famous buildings within the City, such as St. Paul’s Cathedral, Wren’s masterpiece, and the Tower of London which was built nine centuries ago and used as a royal palace, a fortress and political prison. Now it is a museum.

  1. Complete the sentences from the text.
  2. London lies …  .
  3. The population of London is …  .
  4. The important parts of London are …  .
  5. The Tower is …  .
  6. The West End is …  .
  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
  8. There are many bridges …   the Thames.
  9. London is one …  the largest sea ports   …  the world.
  10. All the cars keep …   the left in London.
  11. Ships …   many countries go   …   and   …    the Thames.
  12. The Tower …   London was founded    …     Julius Caesar.
  13. Combine words into sentences and translate then into Kazakh.
  14. the one, world, Museum, the, of, largest, British, the, in, is, museums.
  15. offers, to, London, many, Tourists, attractions.
  16. London, in, working, live, of, the, people, East End.
  17. Sightseeing places of Great Britain pictures
  18. Сonclusion : test
  19. What is the capital of GB
  20. a) London b) Scotland c) Wales
  21. Who is the Head of State in Britain
  22. a) the Prince b) the Parliament c)the Queen
  23. Where is the UK situated?
  24. a) the British Isles b) The United Kingdom c) In England
  25. What is the Union Flag?
  26. a) the Ship of the UK b) the State of the UK c) the Flag of the UK
  27. How many countries are there ih the UK of GB & NI
  28. a) 5 b) 4             c) 3
  • Hometask:   Сompare between London and Astana