Ағылшын тілі сабағын ойын арқылы өткізудің тиімділігі

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Ағылшын тілі сабағын  ойын арқылы өткізудің тиімділігі

Адамзаттың көптеген жылдар бойғы ойнау тәжірибесі ойынның білімдік құндылығын дәлелдеді. Ойынның шығу сырын ғалымдар жүздеген жылдар бойы зерттеп келеді. Ойын өмірде пайдасыз көрінгенмен аса қажетті көрініс-құбылыс. Ойын балалардың оқуға, еңбекке деген белсенділігін, қызығушылығын арттырудағы басты құрал. Ойын барысында балалардың белсенділігі, шығармашылығы дамиды. Ал мұғалімнің міндеті — балаларды ойынға өз қызығушылығымен, ынтасымен қатысуын қамтамасыз ету .

Ағылшын тілі мұғалімдерінің оқу– тәрбие жұмысының негізгі саласы сабақ. Сабақ үстінде оқушылардың біліктілігі, іскерлігі, дағдысы, дүниетанымы дамиды. Негізгі бетбұрыс оқушы білімінің сапасын арттыру, ол дегеніміз түпкі нәтижені көре білу, яғни окушыға берген біліміміздің қайтарымын көру. Ол үшін сабаққа сыныптағы оқушының барлығын қызықтыра отырып қатыстыру қажет. Бес саусақ бірдей емес, яғни әр оқушының сабаққа қызығушылығы, дүниетанымы, даму ерекшеліктері әртүрлі. Сондықтан оқушылардың осы топтарына әртүрлі деңгейде талап қоюға тура келеді. Ал ойын элементтері кез-келген оқушының қызығушылығын тудырады. Тіпті нашар оқитын оқушының өзі ойын арқылы берілген тапсырмаларды асқан қызығушылықпен, белсенділікпен орындайды. Оқушылардың қызығушылықтарын туғызатын ойындардың бірі — дидактикалық ойындар.

Ойын элементтерін қолдана отырып мұғалім оқушылардың сабаққа деген қызығушылығын, зейінін арттыру мақсатында әртүрлі әдіс-тәсілдерді қолданады. Атап айтқанда, мұғалім ойын жағдаяттарын туғыза отырып, әртүрлі заттарды қолдану арқылы сұрақтар қойып, затты көрсетіп, түсіндіріп ойын сюжетін құрастырады.

Ағылшын тіл сабақтарында дидактикалық ойындарды жаңа тақырыпты түсіндіру барысында, қайталау, пысықтау, жаттығу сабақтарында да пайдалануға болады. 5,6 класс оқушылары әлі де ойын баласы, сондықтан мұғалім оларды жалықтырмай әртүрлі ойын түрлерімен сабақты қызықты өткізуге тырысуы қажет. Ойындар оқушылардың ой — өрісін дамытып, ойлау қабілетін арттырумен қатар, үйретілген, өтілген тақырыптарды саналы да берік меңгеруге үлкен әсер етеді. Ойын оқу пәндерінің мазмұнымен тығыз байланыста жүргізілгенде ғана дұрыс нәтижелер береді.

ОЙЫН АРҚЫЛЫ ОҚУШЫ НЕНІ ҮЙРЕНЕДІ?

  1. Оқушылар нақты қызмет тәжірибесін меңгереді.
  2. Оқушылар тек бақылаушы ғана емес, өздері қатыса отырып қиын мәселелерді өз бетінше шеше білуге үйретеді.
  3. Оқу процесінде алған білімді нақты істе қолдана білуге мүмкіндік береді.
  4. Оқушы әрекетіне негізделген оқу көлемін басқарады.
  5. Уақытты үнемдеуге үйретеді.
  6. Оқушылар үшін психологиялық жағымды.
  7. Ойын барысында шешім қабылдау оқушылардан аса жауапкершілікті талап етеді.
  8. Оқушылар үшін қауіпсіз .

Сабақта ойын түрлерін пайдалану сабақ түрлері мен әдістерін жетілдіру жолындағы ізденістердің маңызды бір буыны. Ойын түрлерін оқу процесін пысықтау, жаңа сабақты қорытындылау кезеңдерінде, қайталау сабақтарында пайдалануға болады. Ойын түрлерінің материалдары сабақтың тақырыбы мен мазмұнына неғұрлым сәйкес алынса, оның танымдылық маңызы да арта түседі. Ойынды іріктеп алуға нақтылы сабақтың мақсаты, мүмкіндіктері мен жағдайларын ескеруге ерекше назар аударған жөн. «Ойыннан басталады»,- десек, баланың ойын жетілдіріп, сабаққа қызығушылығын, белсенділігін арттыру үшін ағылшын тілі мұғалімінің басты қолданатын тәсілі — ойын.

 

Games

“Face to face”

 

Each player must have a partner. Then the pairs stand in a large circle and face  each other . One player who has no partner is “it” and stands in the middle of the circle. He says “Face to face”, or “Side by side», or “Back to back”, and so on. All the players must do what he says.

Suddenly  “IT” commands ,”All change”. This means that each player must get a new partner. :IT” tries to get a partner ,too. If he gets a partner ,the player who has no partner must go in the middle and be late.

 

 

“Blackboard Relay”

 

Divide a group of player into two or three teams. Then divide the blackboard into two or three parts. Give the first player in team a piece of chalk.

At a signal, the first player of each team runs to the blackboard, writes down a word ,retunes to his team, and gives a piece of chalk to the second player.

The second player runs to the blackboard and writes down another word, either in front of or after the first word. Then the third player does the thing and so on, till the last player.

Remember that in order to order to win your team must end a complete sentence. And you can’t write in between.

Dog, Eat Bone!

 

Everybody stands in a circle. One player is the “muster”. He is                     blindfolded and sits in the center of the circle.

The master has a school – dog or some other object, which he puts on the floor near by. One player after another tries to take the bag just as a dog tries to take bone. If the master hears a sound , he points in the direction of the sound and says: “Dog”. If he is pointing in the right direction, the player must go back to the circle.

The muster remains in the center.

But if player can take the bag and the muster doesn’t hear it, then that player becomes the new master.

 

 

     Alphabet Race.

 

Divide the group of players into two teams. Each player has a card with one letter of the English alphabet on it. Each team   has the same letter, one team in one colour, the tea in another colour.

The teams face each other on opposite sides of a room or a hall. The  leader calls out a word such as” coat”.   The  players  of each team who have these letter run to the end of the hall opposite the leader and from the word.

 

 

The Bull in the Circle

Divide all players into two equal teams. The players of each team join hands and from two circles.

One member of each team stands in the circle of the other team. At   signal, these two players try to break the circles and go out. If he breaks the circle he takes one of the players to his team.

The team that gets all players in its circle wins.

 

                                   Alphabet Train

     All the players sit around in a circle. The first player begins,” My train is carrying apples.” He uses any word, which begins with the letter “A”

The next player must use a word, which begins with “B”. He may say,” My train is carrying balls.”

The third player must name something, which begins with ‘’C”. He may say,”My train is carrying caps.”

The game goes on around and around until you finish the alphabet. A player who can’t think of a word or says a wrong word drops out of the game.

  It is very difficult to think of words which begin with Q, X and Z.

Look them up in a dictionary beforehand.

 

 

Feel it.

You can play the game while you are sitting round a table. Everybody needs a pencil and a piece of paper. The leader must have a bag with different small object. He passes each object around under the table. No one must see it.

After each player has taken and felt each object, he writes down in English what he thinks the object is. The player who has the largest number of correct answer wins.

 

 

Pictures game

   For this game you need 10 pictures which you can from magazines. Cut each picture into four pieces. Mix them all up and put them on the table. Then give each piece a number from 1 to40.

Give each player a pencil and some paper. The players may look at the pictures, but they may not touch them. They have to decide which pieces they must put together to form the picture. Then they write the number of the four pieces.

For example, if you have cut some picture into four pieces and if the numbers on the pieces are 11,7,3, and 19,, a player must write these numbers together.

The first player, who will do this with all the pictures, wins the game.

 

 

The broken telephone

 

The players sit around the table or stand in a row. One player is chosen to start the game. This player whispers a word into the ear of his neighbor, who whispers what he heard to his neighbor who whispers, and so on to the last player in the group. The last player tells the word he heard.

 

 

Flies, flies…..

 

The players sit or stand. The teacher stands in front of them The teacher says: Flies, flies…..and quotes the names of the birds or the insect that fly. The players move their hands. From time to time, the teacher changes the name and mentions the name of any animal that does not fly. If a player moves his or her hands, the teacher says to the player “out”.

The winner is the last player.

 

                          

             PHONETIC DRILLS

[æ]

A black cat sat on the map
And ate a fat rat.

****
That handsome man standing with his back to the track has a hat in his hand.

****
What a big black cat!
What a cat! What a cat!

****
Pussy – Cat, Pussy – Cat
Can you catch
That big, fat rat?
If you catch
That bad, fat rat,
You will have some milk for that.

[ei]

My name is Ann.
Her name is Man.
His name is Ben.
Say it again.
 

[b]

A big black bug bit a big black bear
A big black bear bit a big black bug.

****
Betty Butter bought some butter,
But she said, “My butter’s bitter,
And a bit of better butter
Will make my butter better”.

****
Buzz, buzz, buzz, go to bees in the sun.
Buzz, buzz, buzz, making honey is fun.

****
Ruby Rugby’s brother bought and brought her
back some rubber baby-buggy bumpers.

****
How many berries could a bare berry carry,
If a bare berry could carry berries?
Well they can’t carry berries (which could make you very wary)
But a bare berry carried is more scary!
****
A big black bug bit a big black dog on his big black nose!

****
B is for Books and for Bookcase.
I have many books in my bookcase.

[k]

I can walk
I can talk
I can hear
I can see
I can jump
I can swim
I can run
This is fun.

****
How many cookies could a good cook cooks.
If a good cook could cook cookies?
A good cook could cook as much cookies
As a good cook who could cook cookies.

****
Сlawns grow glowing crowns.

****
A cup of black coffee
In a black coffee cup.

[d]
Father Duck goes for a swim,
Mother Duck comes out with him.
And behind them clean and trim
Seven little ducklings swim.

****
If one-doctor doctors another doctor, does the doctor

who doctors the doctor doctor the doctor the way the
doctor he is doctoring doctors? Or does he doctor
the doctor the way the doctor who doctors doctors?
[e]

The more we study, the more we know,
The more we know, the more we forget,
The more we forget, the less we know,
The less we know, the less we forget,
The less we forget, the more we know,
Why study?

[i:], [i]
One, and two, and three, and four,
We are sitting on the floor.
We are playing with a ball,
And a pretty little girl.

[f]
Fresh French fried fly fritters.

****
That fish has a thin fin.
That fish has a fat fin.

****
A fly and a flea fly into a flue.

****
A fox is hungry, a fox is cross,
A fox is really at a loss.
A foxy hears and smells the cock
But he cannot break a lock.

[g]
The great Greek grape growers grow great Greek grapes.
Grey geese in a green grazing.

[i]
Six little kittens lost their mittens.
It’s a pity, they were so pretty.

****
Little Bill, sit still.
Will you sit still, little Bill?
If you sit still, little Bill,
Jimmy Nill will bring you to big hill.

[h]
Little brown rabbit went hippy hop,
Hippy hop, hippy hop.
Into the garden without any stop.
Hippy hop, hippy hop.
He ate for his supper a fresh carrot top.
Hippy hop, hippy hop.
Then home went the rabbit without any stop,
Hippy hop, hippy hop.

****
Hamburgers, hamburgers are for my tea,
Hamburgers, hamburgers are for breakfast , lunch and tea.
H is for Hand. I have two hands.
This is the way I clap my hands.

[ai]

My kite is white,
My kite is light,
My kite is in the sky
Now left, now right,
You see the kite
You see it
You and I.

****
I like my Bunny
Bears like honey.
Girls like cats.
Cats like rats.
Boys like dogs.
Storks like frogs.

****
I scream,
You scream,
We all scream
For ice-cream.

****

Jump-jump-jump,
Jump over the moon,
Jump all the morning
And all the noon.

****
Jump the rope,
Jump the rope,
Jump, jump, jump.
Jump it high,
Jump it low,
Jump, jump, jump.

****
Jim and Jess, John and Jane
Go to London to look at Big Ben.

****
J is for Jam. This is apple jam.
Jimmy likes it, and so does Sam.

[k]
Hickory, dickory, dock,
The mouse ran up the clock.
The clock struck one,
The mouse ran down.
Hickory, Dickory, Dock.

****

Two Truckee truckers truculently truckling
To have truck-to-truck two trucks of truck.

****
Kindly kittens knitting mittens keep kazooing in the king’s kitchen.

****
K is for Kate. Kate has a kite.
It is little and it is white.

[l]

Little Kitty laps her milk
Lap, lap, lap!
Her tongue goes out,
Her tongue goes in,
Lap, lap, lap!
Little Kitty likes her milk,
Lap, lap, lap!
Oh, see her tongue
Go out and in,
Lap, lap, lap!

****
A lump of red leather, a red leather lump

[m]
I’m eleven.
My sister is seven.
My mother is thirty.
My father is forty.

My granny is seventy-two
And you?
How old are you?

****
M is for May and for May Day,
For March for Mother’s Day.

****
My  mummy  makes  me  muffins  on  Mondays.

[n]

Any noise annoys an oyster,
But a noisy noise annoys an oyster most.
[o]

Cob is Bob’s dog,
Tob is Mob’s dog.

****
A grey cat is on a mat.
A green frog is on a log.
A red cock is on a clock.
A big fish is on a dish.
A white hare is on a chair.

****

[ou]

Soams never boasts of what he knows
But Rose never knows of what she boasts.

****

Go, my little pony, go!
Go! Go! Go!
Go, my little pony, go!
Go! Go! Go!
Gallop, pony, gallop, go!
Gallop, gallop, go!
Go, my little pony, go!
Go! Go! Go!

****

The wise old owl sat on an oak.
The more he heard the less he spoke.

****
We go by car,
We go by train,
We go by boat,
We go by plane.
We go by land,
And sea and air,
We go, go, go
From here to there.

[p]

Peter Piper picked
A peck of pickled peppers.
A peck of  pickled peppers.
Peter Piper picked.

****

All I want is a proper cup of coffee
Made in a proper copper coffee pot.

****
Pease pudding hot,
Pease pudding cold,
Pease pudding in the pot
Nine days old.

[kw]
Quack-quack, chock-chock!
How do you do, Mr. Cock?
When you sing Cock – doodle-doo!
I always here : How do you do?

[r]

Ruby Rugby’s brother brought her ruby roses.
Robert Rowley rolled
A round roll round.

****

Here is a rose,
The rose is a red.
****

Rain on the grass,
And rain on the tree,
Rain on the river,
But not on me.

****

Red lorry, yellow lorry, red lorry, yellow lorry.
[s]
Swan swam over the sea,
Swim, Swan, swim;
Swan swam back again,

Well swum, Swan!

****

Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore.
But if Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore.
Then where are the sea shells Sally sells?

****

Six silver swans swam silently seaward.

[t]

Tick-tock, tick-tock
Ticks Tommy’s clock
Tick-tock, tick-a-tock
Ticks and ticks his clock.

****

A twister of twists once twisted a twist.
And the twist that he twisted was a three twisted twist.
Now in twisting this twist, if a twist should untwist,
Would the twist that untwisted untwist the twists..

****

Never trouble trouble
Till trouble troubles you.
It only doubles trouble
And troubles others too.

****

Two tiny tigers take two taxis to town.

****

Teddy-bear, Teddy-bear,
Turn around.
Teddy-bear, Teddy-bear,
Touch the ground.
Teddy-bear, Teddy-bear,
Show your shoe.
Teddy-bear, Teddy-bear,
That will do.

****

Don’t trouble trouble
Until trouble troubles you

Puppy-Bubby, come to me!
Let us play under the tree.
Puppy-Bubby, come to us!
We shall play on this green grass.

****

Under the table, under the bed.
Under the sofa I’ looking for Fred.
If you know where he is,
Help me to find him, please.

****

If you understand, say «»understand»».
If you don’t understand, say «»don’t understand»».
But if you understand and say «»don’t understand»».
How do I understand that you understand. Understand!?

****

U is for Under, but not for At.
“I’m under the tree”, says Pat.

[v]

The plane is traveling up in the sky.
Vw — vw — vw .
Moving so fast, and ever so high,
Vw — vw — vw .
Over the land, and over the sea,
Vw — vw — vw .
But we always come back in time for tea,
Vw — vw — vw .

****

V is in five
And also in seven
It is in twelve
And in eleven.

[w]

Whenever the weather is cold.
Whenever the weather is hot.
We’ll whether the weather,
whatever the weather,
whether we like it or not.

****

Whether the weather be fine or whether be not.
Whether the weather be cold or whether the weather be hot.
We’ll weather the weather whether we like it or not.

****

Why do you cry, Willy?
Why do you cry?
Why Willy? Why, Willy?
Why, Willy? Why?

****

What time does the wristwatch strap shop shut?

****

While we were walking, we were watching window washers
Wash Washington’s windows with warm washing water.

****

Twinkle, twinkle, little star.
How I wonder what you are?
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.

[j]

Yellow yaks yell at your yoyos!

[ks]

Six, six, six
Two and four are six.
Six, six, six
One and five are six.
Six, six, six
Three and three are six.

[z]

A zebu [‘zi:bu:] lives in the zoo,
In the zoo, in the zoo.
A zebra lives there too,
In the zoo, in the zoo.

[ð]

Little monkey in the tee.
This is what he says to me,
“They, they, they,
Thee, thee, thee”.
Monkey jumps from limb to limb
While I chatter back to him:
“Thee, thee, thee,
They, they, they.”

****

The sun is shining.
The flowers are blooming.
The sky is blue.
The rains are few.

****

Together, together,
Together every day;
Together, together,
We work and play.
Together, together,

We read our books each day;
Together, together
We work and play.

[θ]

I thought a thought.
But the thought I thought wasn’t the thought
I thought I thought.

****

Here come thick busy bees:
“bth-bth-bth”!
Buzzing in flowers, and
Buzzing in trees:
“bth-bth-bth”

****

The teacher thought and thought and thought and
No one knew the thought he thought.
He threw three balls.

The fish man comes today.
The fish man calls this way:
“Fresh fish Fresh fish.
Oh, fine fresh fish!
Fine fresh fish for sale!

****
Count the shadows on the wall,
Sh – sh – sh!
Lift your arms and let them fall,
Sh – sh – sh!
Turn your head and count some sheep,
Sh – sh – sh!
Close your eyes and you are asleep,
Sh – sh – sh!

****

We surely shall see the sun shine soon.

****

If a white chalk chalks on a black blackboard,
Will a black chalk chalks on a white blackboard?

[ei]

Rain, rain go away
Come again another day.
Little children like to play.

[ai]

Butterfly, butterfly,
Where do you fly,

So quick and so high
In the blue, blue sky?

****

No need to light a night light on a light night like tonight.

[au]

I found a cow! How?
I found a bear! Where?
I found a hen! When?
I found a bear!
I found a hen!
I found a cow! Wow?
How now, brown cow?

****

[i:]

Feed the bees
With three sweet peas.

****

Each Easter Eddie eats eighty Easters eggs.

****
I see a bee in a tree.
I see Pete in the street.
I like tea and meat.

****

Jam is very-very sweet
And is very good to eat.

****

Love is a feeling you feel when you feel you are going

to feel the feeling you have never felt before

[ŋ]

Big bells ring a long, full song,
Ding-dong-ding-dong
Small bells ring a clear, sweet song.
Ding, ding, ding, ding,
ding, ding, ding!
Wee bells ring a tinkling song,
Ting-a-ling, a-ling, a-ling.
a-ling, a-ling, a-ling.
Here the ringing’, here the song,
Ting-a-ling, ding, ding, ding, ding, dong!

****

In the spring,
In the spring,
Sweet and fresh is everything.
Winter winds are no more blowing,
In the fields all is growing,
In the spring,
In the spring.
Sweet and fresh is everything.

****

Ring a ding
Ring a ding
Ding, ding, ding
It comes summer after spring.
Ring a ding
Ring a ding
Welcome summer
Good-bye spring.

My Doggy is funny,
My Doggy is small;
It likes to run, to hop, to roll
About the carpet like a ball,
It never bites me, not at all.

[dз]
Can you imagine an imaginary menagerie manager
imagining managing an imaginary menagerie?