Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect Simple

205

The theme of the lesson:  “Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect Simple”

The aims of the lesson:

Objectives:                                                              

 Educational

  1. to be able to speak about the new theme e 15. To check up their knowledge on this theme

Practical aims

  1. to develop listening, writing and speaking abilities
  2. 2. to check up the knowledge of lexis

Developing aims:

  1. to improve students’ motivation and participation in classroom activities
  2. to stimulate students’ to a learning foreign language

Visual aids: an interactive board, the English book, СD

 Visual materials: cards, wallpaper, pictures

 

                                            The procedure of the lesson.

 

  1. Organization moment:

       Greeting.

Teacher’s activity                                                                   Pupils’ activity

— Good afternoon, pupils!                                                        — Good  afternoon, good afternoon

                                                                                                   Good afternoon too you

                                                                                                   Good afternoon and teacher

                                                                                                   How are you?     

— I’m very well, thank you! And you?                                     -We are fine.

— Sit down, please

— Who is on duty today?                                                        — I’m on duty today.

— Who is absent?                                                                   — All are present.

-What day is it today?                                                           — Today is…wednesday

-What date is it today?                                                          — Today is the 5th of february

  1. II. Checking up the homework.

T: What was your homework?

P: To learn the new words by heart.

T: Now let’s check up your homework

  • Presentation of the new theme. “Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect Simple”
The Present Perfect Continuous
 Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
… + have/has been + IV Have/Has … been  +  IV ? … have/has not been +  IV
I have (=I’ve) been playing.

Я играю. ( уже с … )

Have I been playing?

Я играю?

I have not (=I haven’t) been playing.

Я не играю.

He

She

It

has been playing

=(…’s been playing)

Has he

she

it

been playing? He

She

It

has not been playing

=(hasn’t been playing)

We

You

They

have been playing

=(…’ve been playing)

Have we

you

they

been playing? We

You

They

have not been playing

=(haven’t been playing)

 

Present Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи    вспомогательного глагола to be в форме Present Perfect ( have been, has been ) и причастия настоящего времени смыслового глагола — Present Participle (IV форма или  ing-форма).

 

 

 

Present Perfect Continuous  употребляется для выражения:

Длительного действия начавшегося в прошлом и продолжающегося до момента речи, причем:

  1. 1. Действие может еще продолжаться в момент речи (при этом необходимо указать длительность периода действия);
  2. 2. Действие закончилось непосредственно перед моментом речи, а его результат присутствует в настоящий момент.

 

The Present Perfect
 Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
… + have/has + III Have/has … +  III ? … have/has not +  III
I have (=I’ve) played.

Я сыграл. ( уже или ранее )

Have I played?

Я сыграл?

I have not (=I haven’t) played.

Я не сыграл.

He

She

It

has played

=(…’s played)

Has he

she

it

played? He

She

It

has not played

=(hasn’t played)

We

You

They

have played

=(…’ve played)

Have we

you

they

played? We

You

They

have not played

=(haven’t played)

 

Present Perfect образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to have в настоящем времени ( have, has ) и причастия прошедшего времени смыслового глагола — Past Participle (III-я форма или ed-форма).

Форма Present Perfect имеет временной акцент «до настоящего момента» и употребляется тогда, когда необходимо подчеркнуть, что результат некоего действия, случившегося в прошлом (не важно, непосредственно перед моментом речи или в более отдаленное время), присутствует в настоящий момент, например: have lost the key.  Я потерял ключ. (значит сейчас я без ключа)

 

Grammar exercises. Ex.1. Circle the correct words.

  • She has written three letters this afternoon.
  • I have read this page four times and I still do not understand it all!
  • He has in hospital because he has had an accident.
  • Ouch! I have cut my finger!
  • My mother`s making sandwiches – she has been cutting bread all morning.
  • Great news! You have won the competition.
  • James has known his wife since he was a child.
  • I have been reading this book since eight o`clock, and I still have not finished!  

 

Grammar exercises. Ex.2. Complete the sentences. Use Present Perfect Continuous or  Present Perfect

                                        Simple forms of the verbs.

  • I have been studying for my test since I got up.
  • Haven`t you finished that book yet?
  • He looks terrible! What has he been doing all night?
  • Has that singer made any CDs yet?
  • I`m sorry, I have not started my homework yet.
  • My brother works really hard when he wants to. He`s cleaned four rooms this morning!
  • It`s been raining for days – will it ever stop?  

 

  1. IV.

Ex. 3. Read about the pop star.

 

 

 

 

Ex. 4 Listen to the music extracts and write the words from the box next to numbers 1 – 6.

  1. Classical – классический
  2. Rock – рок
  3. Jazz – джаз
  4. Reggae – регги
  5. Country – страна
  6. Hip-hop – хип-хоп

 

Ex.5. Match the words with the pictures.

 

 

  • a piano — пианино
  • drums – барабан
  • a trumpet — труба
  • a violin — скрипка
  • a clarinet — кларнет
  • an electric guitar — электрогитара
  • a saxophone — саксофон
  • a flute — флейта
  • a synthesiser — синтезатор
  • a keyboard — клавишный инструмент

 

Ex. 6. Listen to the people talking about music.

 

  1. Conclusion.

  Grammar test

1 We ___ to the theatre since last month.
A haven’t gone B haven’t been going C hasn’t gone
2 My friends and I ___ since 2 o’clock.
A have sunbathed B have been sunbathing C has been sunbathing
3 Sally ___ news since she left university.
A have reported B has been reporting C has reported
4 Jane is abroad. She ___ three countries.
A has already been visiting B have already visited C has already visited
5 ___ dancing lessons?
A Has you ever taken B Have you ever taken C Has you ever been taking
6 I want to buy a new flat. I ___ money for ages.
A has been saving B have saved C have been saving
7 My uncle is a doctor. He ___ lots of vital operations.
A has made B has been making C have made
8 Jack is cold. He ___ for too long.
A has been swimming B have been swimming C has swum
9 Den ___ championships before.
A has never won B hasn’t never won C has never been winning
10 We ___ in this café before.
A haven’t been eating B haven’t eaten C hasn’t eaten

 

VII.  Homework.

* Ex 11 at p-103.

* To make a grammar test connecting with the phrasal verbs

  • Marks

Lesson is over!

Good-bye!